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Fused filament fabrication (FFF) is one of the additive manufacturing (AM) techniques that have revolutionized the manufacturing strategy in the last 2 to 3 decades. The quality of the parts prepared by the FFF process is dependent upon the static and variable process parameters. It has been reported by previous studies that part shrinkage, part shrinkage, high surface roughness, warping from the edges, misaligned part geometry, lack and loss of the adhesion, part distortion, voids and porosity etc., are the major issues in the fused filament fabrication process. In the case of open-source fused filament fabrication, internal and external factors such as; the variable room temperatures, room humidity, wind speed, heterogeneity in feedstock materials, torsion in feedstock filaments, vibration due to any source, nozzle clogging, nozzle choking, high/low nozzle and bed temperature are conducive for the mentioned issues. The present study is the state of review for minimizing defects in the final product by suggesting the methods and procedure for each issue in the FFF process. This study would be helpful for novice researchers who are working on different applications of the FFF process. In this review work, most common defects and problems observed during 3D printing are elaborated and discussed according to literature review and also solution of defects has been discussed.

Pour en savoir plus : A state-of-the-art review of the technology, materials, properties and defects